1788 Election of Delegates to the New York Ratification Convention

Anti-Federalist average [A]
11,649 (54.84%)
+2,056
Federalist average [F]
9,593 (45.16%)
Federalist average
Anti-Federalist average

State Averages

Anti-Federalist Average:
   11,649— 54.84%

Federalist Average:
   9,593— 45.16%

Note: Excluded from these averages are Orange County and those counties for which no totals have been found.

Sources

Throughout, “21 DHRC” refers to Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, Vol. XXI (John P. Kaminski, ed., 2005).

Albany County:

Letter of Matthew Visscher, 30 May 1788,
   21 DHRC 1417-1418, n1.

Printing of Election Results, 2-9 June 1788,
   ed. note, 21 DHRC 1418-1419.

Columbia County:

New York Journal, 5 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1438.

Dutchess County:

Poughkeepsie Country Journal, 3 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1466.

Montgomery County:

New York Journal, 5 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1480.

New York County:

New York Daily Advertiser, 30 May 1788,
   21 DHRC 1525-1526.

New York Journal, 7 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1529.

Orange County:

New York Daily Advertiser, 14 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1530.

Queens County:

New York Daily Advertiser, 7 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1531-1532.

Ulster County:

New York Journal, 3 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1571.

Westchester County:

New York Daily Advertiser, 3 June 1788,
   21 DHRC 1579.

Albany County Results

Anti-Federalist Average:
   4,671

John Lansing, Jr.:
   4,681

Henry Oothoudt:
   4,678

Dirck Swart:
   4,673

Peter Vrooman:
   4,671

Robert Yates:
   4,670

Israel Thomson:
   4,666

Abraham Ten Eyck:
   4,657

Anti-Federalist Total:
   32,696 — 64.08%

Federalist Average:
   2,617

Abraham Tenbroeck:
   2,627

Peter Gansevoort, Jr.:
   2,621

Jacob Cuyler:
   2,620

James Gordon:
   2,617

Francis Nicoll:
   2,617

Jeronemus Hoogland:
   2,613

John W. Schomerhorn:
   2,610

Federalist Total:
   18,325 — 35.92%

7,449 ballots

51,021 reported votes

Clinton County Results

Clinton County voted together with Washington County.

Anti-Federalist victory. Totals unknown.

Columbia County Results

Anti-Federalist Average:
   1,854

John Bay:
   1,863

Matthew Adgate:
   1,850

Peter Van Ness:
   1,848

Anti-Federalist Total:
   5,561 — 55.48%

Federalist Average:
   1,488

Henry Livingston:
   1,498

Peter Van Schaick:
   1,483

Jacob Ford:
   1,482

Federalist Total:
   4,463 — 44.52%

10,024 reported votes

Dutchess County Results

Anti-Federalist Average:
   1,750

Zephaniah Platt:
   1,765

Jacobus Swartwout:
   1,755

John De Witt:
   1,753

Gilbert Livingston:
   1,749

Ezra Thompson:
   1,749

Melancton Smith:
   1,748

Jonathan Akins:
   1,732

Anti-Federalist Total:
   12,251 — 66.51%

Federalist Average:
   881

Egbert Benson:
   892

Isaac I. Tallman:
   889

Joseph Crane:
   887

Robert Sands:
   885

Ebenezer Cary:
   883

Martin Wiltse:
   880

Richard D’Cantillon:
   854

Federalist Total:
   6,170 — 33.49%

18,421 reported votes

Kings County Results

Federalist victory. Totals unknown.

Montgomery County Results

Anti-Federalist Average:
   1,187

Christopher P. Yates:
   1,209

William Harper:
   1,206

John Winne:
   1,202

John Frey:
   1,201

Volkert Veeder:
   1,199

Henry Staring:
   1,105

Anti-Federalist Total:
   7,122 — 59.85%

Federalist Average:
   796

James Livingston:
   811

Abraham Van Vechten:
   806

Josiah Crane:
   805

Peter Schuyler:
   803

Abraham Arendt:
   796

Abraham Van Horne:
   756

Federalist Total:
   4,777 — 40.15%

11,899 reported votes

New York County Results

Federalist Average:
   2,700

John Jay:
   2,735

Richard Morris:
   2,716

Alexander Hamilton:
   2,713

John Sloss Hobart:
   2,713

Robert R. Livingston:
   2,712

Isaac Roosevelt:
   2,701

James Duane:
   2,680

Richard Harrison:
   2,677

Nicholas Low:
   2,651

Federalist Total:
   24,298 — >95.20%

Anti-Federalists:
Gov. Clinton:
   134

Marrinus Willet:
   108

William Denning:
   102

[Others]:
   No more than 30 each.

2,836 ballots

Note: In the New York County election, a total of 2,836 ballots were cast for Convention members. This means that even if each elector voted for nine candidates, the Federalist total reported above (24,298) would be 95.20% of the aggregate number of votes (25,524).

Orange County Results

Anti-Federalist Average:
   306

Jesse Woodhull:
   340

Henry Wisner:
   332

John Haring:
   331

John Wood:
   221

Anti-Federalist Total:
   1,224

Note: The Federalist totals for Orange County are unknown.

Queens County Results

Anti-Federalist Average:
   499

John Schenck:
   518

Samuel Jones:
   517

Nathaniel Lawrence:
   484

Stephen Carman:
   476

Anti-Federalist Total:
   1,995 — 54.84%

Federalist Average:
   411

Francis Lewis:
   416

Prior Townsend:
   415

Hendrick Onderdonk:
   411

Isaac Ledyard:
   401

Federalist Total:
   1,643 — 45.16%

3,638 reported votes

Richmond County Results

Federalist victory. Totals unknown.

Suffolk County Results

Federalist victory. Totals unknown.

Ulster County Results

Anti-Federalist Average:
   1,179 — 96.40%

George Clinton:
   1,372

Ebenezer Clark:
   1,356

John Cantine:
   1,339

Dirck Wynkoop:
   1,055 (see note)

Cornelius C. Schoomaker:
   1,045

James Clinton:
   905

Anti-Federalist Total:
   7,072

Federalist Average:
   44 — 3.60%

Johannes Bruyn:
   68

Jacobus S. Bruyn:
   35

Cornelius T. Jensen:
   29

Federalist Total:
   132

Note: A transcription of one letter gives 1,058 rather than 1,055 for Dirck Wynkoop. The 1,055 (used here) is from the New York Journal.

Washington County Results

Washington County voted together with Clinton County.

Anti-Federalist victory. Totals unknown.

Westchester County Results

Federalist Average:
   655

Philip Van Cortlandt:
   694

Lewis Morris:
   676

Richard Hatfield:
   672

Philip Livingston:
   660

Thaddeus Crane:
   618

Lot Searls:
   610

Federalist Total:
   3,930 — 63.67%

Anti-Federalist Average:
   373

Jonathan G. Tompkins:
   399

Samuel Drake:
   389

Stephen Ward:
   389

Abijah Gilbert:
   387

Ebenezer Purdy:
   374

Philip Pell, Jr.:
   304

Anti-Federalist Total:
   2,242 — 36.33%

6,172 reported votes